The International Cooperation and Development Forum on Marine Economy 2020

The International Cooperation and Development Forum on Marine Economy 2020

The International Cooperation and Development Forum on Marine Economy 2020, as the strategic forum of CMEE, will be held on October 15-16, 2020 at Sheraton Shenzhen Futian Hotel, Futian District, Shenzhen. The forum will focus on the most promising and valuable segments of the marine economy, and discuss the changes and opportunities of marine economy under the background of COVID-19 pandemic, in order to fully develop the potential of the blue economy and flourish from the haze of the epidemic. The forum will invite more than 50 well-known experts and international personalities from government, business and academia, as well as hundreds of professional guests closely related to the marine economy, to connect the global audience through digital communication channels such as cloud-based forums and webcast, in order to provide theoretical basis for policymakers to operate and judge, offer solutions for entrepreneurs' business operations, and furnish academic thinking for experts and scholars.

Time and Place

Time: 15-16 October 2020

Organization Structure

  • Organized by

    Shenzhen SEZ Construction And Development Group Co., Ltd.

  • Produced by

    Smadja & Smadja Strategic Advisory Switzerland

    Beijing Cexing Technology Company

Working Program of the Forum

Thursday 15 October 2020

12:30– Ongoing

Registration of participants

13:45 – 14:15

Ballroom 2+3

Official opening ceremony

14:30 – 15:45

Ballroom 2+3

Plenary session

Looking at 2030: China’s evolving place in the global marine economy

China’s “blue economy” will play a central role in the country’s 21st Century development, as the country becomes also a major player in global marine economy with a number of major advancers expected already by 2030. China’s shipping fleet is already the largest in the worlds while the country is the world’s first producer and consumer of seafood products. In the same way China is in the top league, along with Germany and the UK with respect of offshore wind energy and is moving fast in the development of other sources of offshore renewable energies. In all other areas of the marine economy, whether it is blue bio-tech or exploration and exploitation of deep seabed resources, China is among the countries moving the faster to achieve its development goals towards 2030.

·What trends will be shaping the development of China’s marine economy over the next 10 years?

·How to develop China’s blue economy as an engine of growth and wealth, and encourage even more innovation to have the marine economy grow from around 9.5% of GDP now to around 15% by 2030?

·What is needed to increase China's marine resource utilization efficiency and profitability, and bring them to the level of the most developed countries in this domain?

·Beyond shipping and fisheries, what are the areas in the marine economy different activities where China has the potential to emerge as a global leader?


WANG Bin, Director-General of the Department of Marine Strategy, Planning and Economy, Ministry of Natural Resources, People’s Republic of China

Paul Holthus, Founding President & Chief Executive Officer, World Ocean Council, Headquarter : United States of America

Karin Kemper, Global Director, Environment, Natural Resources and Blue Economy, World Bank, Headquarter : United States of America

Claude Smadja, Chairman, Smadja & Smadja Strategic Advisory, Headquarter : Switzerland

ZHAO Weiliang, Chairman, Total China, Headquarter : France

GAO Shang, Chief Strategy Officer of CIMC Offshore Engineering, Headquarter : People’s Republic of China


YANG Rui, Partner of International Affairs of TMTPost, former host of CGTN, People’s Republic of China

15:45 – 16:00

Coffee break

16:00 – 17:15

Ballroom 2+3

Session in parallel

Betting on the marine energy as the wave of the future: The technological innovations which will deliver

Technological innovation is opening up new opportunities for tapping the oceans as an expanding source of renewable energy at economically viable conditions. Whether it is capturing offshore wind energy or thermal energy or plugging into the power of waves and tidal streams or exploring the potentialities of osmotic power – creating through electrochemistry, a concentration cell with saltwater on one side and fresh water on the other, resulting in electricity generation – we are still at the beginning of a long journey to fully leverage the oceans as a source of sustainable renewable energy.

·What are the next steps in scaling up and making ocean energy harvesting more cost-efficient, as significant cost-reductions are required for ocean energy technologies to compete with other low-carbon technologies ?

·How to address the challenges of remaining technical problems and high costs in the development of offshore wind energy?

·After the huge progress achieved recently what could be done to accelerate even more the deployment of offshore wind installations in China and in other parts of the world?

·How to address the obstacles of capacity building and standardization?


PENG Wei, Deputy Director of National Ocean Technology Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, People’s Republic of China

Laurent Albert, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Technical Officer, Seabased, Sweden

CHEN Daoyi, Director of Marine Technology Research Center, Tsinghua University, People’s Republic of China

Henry Jeffrey, Chairman Ocean Energy Systems (OES) University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Philipp Sinn, Founder & CEO of SINN Power, Germany


WU Chen, Chief Editor of The Economist Global Business Review, People’s Republic of China

16:00 – 17:15

Ballroom 1

Session in parallel

Stepping up the global fight against man-made marine pollution

What was already a priority challenge given the dramatic spread of the oceans’ man-made pollution has become even more pressing as the huge global proliferation of protective equipment created by the fight against the pandemic, is leading to an aggravation of the seas’ plastic pollution. This is today one of the most lethal threat to marine life and bio-diversity. It is estimated that up to 12 million metric tons of plastic enter our ocean each year. By 2050 there could be more plastic in the oceans -measured by weight - than fish. However, beyond plastic pollutants there are too many other sources of marine pollution such as nitrogen and phosphorous, antibiotics, heavy metals, pesticides, oil and gas, and many kinds of debris entering the oceans directly, through rivers, stormwater or even the wind.

·What should be done to harmonize national policies against single-use plastic, limiting the use of highly polluting chemicals, improving wastewater management to ensure much greater global efficiency against marine pollution?

·What incentives and policies could help expand the circular economy, reducing the throw away mentality in order to prevent pollution instead of having to fight it?

·How efficient companies can leverage technologies to make the fight against marine pollution a profitable business?


James HUANG, Vice President of DNV GL Group and Director of Strategic Development for Greater China, Headquarter : Norway

Lonneke Holierhoek, Chief Opearting Officer, The Ocean Cleanup, Headquarter: The Netherlands

Justin Wood, Vice President of Strategic Partnerships, Alliance to End Plastic Waste, Headquarter : Singapore

Patrick Yeung, WWF China Ocean Protection Project Specialist, Headquarter : Switzerland

ZHANG Zhiwei, Senior Engineer of First Institute of Oceanography (FIO), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) of China,People’s Republic of China


Claire HE, Host of Shenzhen TV, People’s Republic of China

16:00 – 17:15

Jing Hall

Session in parallel

Deep seabed resources: The technology and policies to move from exploration to sustainable exploitation

As the demand for base metals and minerals keeps increasing new technological developments are helping to enable the still emerging deep seabed mining industry meet the demand. 2020 was supposed to be a crucial year for deep-seabed mining. But the coronavirus pandemic has upended the planning to adopt an international mining code during this year. This mining code to be enforced by the International Seabed Authority – a UN organization – will comprise regulations defining the conditions for the extraction of cobalt, nickel and other minerals in the deep ocean beyond national jurisdiction . The July meeting has been postponed to October 2020 with the view of finalizing the code, but the issue of environmental protection remains a big bone of contention, and the pandemic has also slowed down all scientific research about deep sea ecosystems. However, many industry players consider that we are now getting close to a breakthrough.

·What is the picture for prospecting and exploration in terms of technological capabilities and where are the most promising regional opportunities?

·What challenges to address when drilling deep for oil and gas? How new technological developments could help?

·Are the technology developments and prospects for increased demand for oil exploration post Covid-19, inducing operators to look at new investments in deep sea projects to access oil & gas resources very deep under the sea floor.

·How to assess the evolution for metal and deep water oil & gas demand in a post Covid global economy?


LI Bo, Deputy Director of Office, China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association, People’s Republic of China

Andrew Lipman, Director of Subsea and Mining Operations, ABS Great China, Headquarter :United States of America

SUN Xiansheng, Former Secretary General of International Energy Forum (IEF), People’s Republic of China

TANG Xinxiao, Chairman, Shenzhen Jinhang Deep Sea Mineral Development Group, Headquarter : People’s Republic of China

Sam LI, Assistant Professor of Shenzhen International Graduate School, Tsinghua University, People’s Republic of China


SUN Anran, Media Reporter, China Natural Resources News, People’s Republic of China

17:30– 18:45

Ballroom 2+3

Plenary Session in parallel

What future for the shipping industry in a new international trade landscape?

The shipping industry is now confronting a changed global environment as a result of trends in the macroeconomic as well as geopolitical domains which have been amplified by the Covid pandemic. In addition to the impact of the global recession generated by the pandemic, the industry has to adjust to the redrawing of global supply chains, the deterioration of the multilateral trade system, with rising protectionist policies, the impact of the new health and sanitations rules. Adjusting to the challenges created by these new trends is made even more difficult as the shipping industry is still reeling from the dramatic decline of global economic activity triggered by the pandemic. The Baltic Capsize Index (BCI) has moved during the year into negative territory for the first time in its almost 30-year history. It is an implicit proxy for industrial activity and production in China and other industrial centers which – after a very steep decline - has now moved up since then.

·Looking towards 2021 how does the overall shipping industry look like in terms of patterns of activity?

·As global supply chains and shipping will be different from how they had worked so far, what actions will help sustain the profitability of shipping companies?

·Is a new wave of consolidation of the shipping industry in the cards?


Charlie Hockless, Head of China/SE Asia, VesselsValue Ltd, Headquarter : United Kingdom

LI Yanqing, Secretary General of China Association of National Shipbuilding Industry,People’s Republic of China

Georgios E. Poularas, Chief Executive Officer, ENESEL S.A., Headquarter : Greece

Peter Stokes, Senior Adviser and Head of Shipping, Lazard and Chairman of the Global Maritime Forum, Headquarter : United Kingdom

Wei Zhuang, Regional Manager Asia, BIMCO, Headquarter : Denmark


Serena Dong, Host of CGTN, People’s Republic of China

17:30 – 18:45

Ballroom 1

Plenary Session in parallel

Coming up with the right answers to the increasing threats to maritime security

As the digitization of the marine industry accelerates and ships are more and more connected and integrated into corporate IT networks the issue of marine cybersecurity is acquiring ever more urgency. Most standard marine insurance policies exclude financial protection against any form of cyber-attack, while lax security and poorly-performing firewalls make ocean supply chains, and industries as a whole, exceptionally vulnerable. Ship owners are under pressure to comply with the new International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations on cybersecurity coming into force in January 2021 and to increase the protection of their assets from rising cyber threats. However, cyber-threats are not the only security challenge facing the maritime industry as it has also to contend with piracy and terrorism. The general public might not realize that the sea is more than ever of great strategic importance, as nearly 80% of global trade is transported in ships’ hulls, and how threats to security at sea have a real impact for almost all countries around the world.

·While there has already been significant progress in coordinating international action on maritime security, what additional steps are needed to increase the efficiency of the responses to maritime security challenges which involve a number of different players?

·How to enhance the role of private sector actors in maritime security?


LIU Xiaofeng, Head of Maritime Advisory China, and Digital Transformation Manager at DNV GL Maritime Greater China, Headquarter : Norway

David A. Luttinger Jr., Partner Insurance Practice, Covington & Burling, Headquarter : United States of America

Lin Mu, Deputy Director of Ocean Research Center of Shenzhen University, People’s Republic of China.

WANG Yiwei, Jean Monnet Chair Professor, Director of Institute of International Affairs, Director of Center for European Studies at Renmin University of China, People’s Republic of China

PANG Zhongying, Professor of Global Studies at Ocean University of China, People’s Republic of China.


WU Chen, Chief Editor of The Economist Global Business Review, People’s Republic of China

Friday 16 October 2020

08:45 – 10:00

Jing Hall

Plenary in parallel

Managing ocean investments for wealth and growth creation in a responsible way

Interest in the blue economy has been growing among investors as this sector represents today between US$ 2.5 and 3 trillion of economic output and is expected to grow at twice the rate of the overall global economy by 2030. However, financing a sustainable blue economy remains fraught with many challenges, whether it is the lack of industry expertise, or sometimes a lack of investment-grade projects. There is however a growing awareness that a number of investment opportunities now exist in activities linked to climate change mitigation especially the whole domain of marine renewables - the technologies linked to fighting marine pollution and in the domains of coastal and marine tourism as well as in sustainable fisheries and aquaculture.

·What innovative finance approaches could help reduce risks associated with investing in some sectors of the marine economy?

·What is required to create or improve the governance framework that will help incentivize responsible private sector investments by reducing risks and promoting innovation?

·Are there investment areas in the marine economy which look more promising than others?

·Can Public/Private Partnerships help boost investments in a sustainable marine economy? And what would the success factors be for that?


Maren Hjorth Bauer, Managing Partner and Founder, Fynd Ocean Ventures, Headquarter : Norway

Marisa Drew, CEO Impact, Advisory and Finance, Credit Suisse, Headquarter : Switzerland

Paul Holthus, Founding President & Chief Executive Officer, World Ocean Council, Headquarter : United States of America.

YU Ya, Vice Secretary of the Party Committee, China International Marine Containers (Group) Ltd., People’s Republic of China

ZHOU Hua, Partner of China Headquarters, Dentons Law Firm, Headquarter: People’s Republic of China


FENG Yu, Managing Director, the Global Times Shanghai Newsroom, People’s Republic of China

08:45 – 10:00

Ballroom 1

Plenary in parallel

Global ocean governance: Addressing the need for a big leap forward

The Sustainable Development Goal 14 of the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is “to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources ». However, while there is an increasing realization that the pressure on oceans’ resources needs to be reduced and that these resources should be used in a much more rational manner, there is also a general recognition that the ocean international governance framework needs to be strengthened, progress in that direction remains fraught with many difficulties. As Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction represent 65% of the surface of the oceans and are beyond any single government authority and surveillance they are subject to overexploitation, pollution and degradation. And these parts of the oceans are rich in biodiversity and resources and play a critical role in oxygen production and carbon storage. In 2015 the UN General Assembly passed a resolution to develop a legally-binding instrument under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction.

·Why is it so difficult to achieve a more integrated approach to ocean governance, and what are the possible actions for accelerating the development of this much needed integrated approach?

·What are the areas where there is the most pressing need for accepted international regulations in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction ?

·While a broad range of commitments have been made by states to adopt ecosystem approaches, integrate biodiversity conservation into ocean management there remain significant differences in how those principles are applied and understood when it comes to activities in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ). What are the possibilities for achieving binding norms for the application of these principles ?


PAN Xinchun,Secretary-General of China Oceanic Development Foundation, People’s Republic of China

Julien Rochette, Ocean Programme Director, IDDRI, Headquarter: France

Vladimir Ryabinin, Executive Secretary, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission UNESCO, Headquarter: France

Julia TANG, Division Director for Marine Strategy, Department of Marine Strategy, Ministry of National Resources, People’s Republic of China

ZHANG Chunyu, Research Fellow, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, People’s Republic of China


YANG Rui, Partner of International Affairs of TMTPost, former host of CGTN, People’s Republic of China

10:10– 11:25

Ballroom 1

Session in parallel

Digitalization and IoT: The way to smart ports and logistics

Ports are under pressure to add value to the entire supply chain as the expectations increase for one-day-delivery and for flexible distribution networks. The growing demand for distribution facilities located in ports will increasingly lead to the expansion of port-centric logistics. On the other hand, the steady increase of ships size is making it imperative for ports authorities to create the infrastructure and acquire and master the technologies that will enable them to manage efficiently these ever bigger vessels.

·What does the move from automated ports to intelligent ports mean in terms of acquisition, use of disruptive technologies and ports management?

·How will new technologies optimize maritime logistics?

·What are the next steps for the ports and logistics industry to adjust to supply chains becoming more circular than linear as a response to the greater consumer demand for greener products and processes?

·What conditions to ensure a good return on the investment needed for creating the smart ports and logistics of the 21st century?


Richard Hepworth, Business Unit President for Trelleborg’s marine and infrastructure operation, Headquarter: Sweden

Eunwoo Kim, Representative of China Research Center of Korea Maritime Institute(KMI), South Korea

PENG Junsong, Chief Digital Officer and Vice President of SAP China, Headquarter: Germany

Karno Tenovuo, Co-Founder & Chief Executive Officer, Awake.AI, Finland

Boris Wenzel, Managing Director, Terminal Link SAS, Headquarter: France


Charlene QIAN, Yicai Global Journalist, People’s Republic of China

10:10 – 11:25

Jing Hall

Session in parallel

Leveraging the technologies that are reshaping the marine engineering industry

While ship owners are generally cautious when it comes to new technology, climate change pressures are forcing the shipping industry to accelerate its move towards integrating the latest technologies in the marine engineering equipement sector whether in the domain of electronic and mechanical engineering or decarbonization, looking at all the options that will help reduce cost, increase efficiency and reduce emissions. In the same way, the drive for greater cost efficiency is also increasing the pace towards the digitization of the industry. The smart ship of the 21st century will integrate and leverage the latest capabilities in terms of engineering, leveraging of AI and big data along with a number of connected technologies to improve efficiency, ship performance. Smart ships will also have to make full use of the possibilities offered by robotics, advanced materials, new generation of sensors etc.

·What are the latest most promising developments in the marine engineering industry?

·How to assess the impact of the pandemic with respect to the ability of the shipping industry to finance its move towards smart shipping?

·Assessing the impact of new emissions standards on the decarbonization of shipping?

·How is the marine engineering equipment industry responding to the trend towards increasingly smart ships。


Alf Kare Adnanes, General Manager, ABB Marine & Ports China, Headquarter: Switzerland

Chen Bin, Vice President, Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery Co., Ltd., Headquarter: People’s Republic of China

Morten Sten Johansen, Regional Marine Director, North East Asia at Jotun and Chairman of Norwegian Business Association China, Headquarter: Norway

LI Changwei, Chief Engineer of Highland Technology Group, Headquarter: People’s Republic of China

Rajesh Unni,Founder & Chief Executive Officer, Synergy Marine Group, Headquarter: Singapore


FENG Yu, Managing Director, the Global Times Shanghai Newsroom, People’s Republic of China

10:10 – 11:25


Session in parallel

From coastal tourism to marine tourism: Strategies for a fast growth sector

Ocean and coastal tourism has suffered a big blow from the Covid 19 Pandemic. Global ocean tourism was estimated by the OECD at US$ 390 billion and it will take some time for the industry to recover and resume its growth trajectory. The pandemic will put pressure on cruise companies not only to implement tighter healthcare safety measures and monitoring but also to invest in new technologies such as sterilization robots. Coral reef tourism has been generating US$ 36 billion revenues per year and the risk is that lost revenues may increase pressure for near-term exploitation.

·How long will it take for ocean and coastal tourism to fully recover and get back to its previous growth pattern?

·To what extent will the pandemic accelerate public expectations and demand for a bluer” blue tourism”?

·Will the pandemic generate a shift towards small scale ocean and coastal tourism?

·What is the scale of investments needed from ocean and coastal tourism operators in the post Covid era and what is required to ensure the profitability of these investments?


Aleksandra Dragozet, Founder & CEO, Sea Going Green, Headquarter: The Netherlands

XIAO Yu, Co-Founder and Chief Operating Officers of China Cup International Regatta, Headquarter: People’s Republic of China

Rick XIE, Chief Operating Officer, Zanadu, Headquarter: People’s Republic of China

Mei ZHANG, Founder & Chief Executive Officer, WildChina, Headquarter: People’s Republic of China


Serena Dong, Host of CGTN, People’s Republic of China

11:30 – 12:30

Ballroom 1

Plenary Session

The oceans at the front line of the fight against climate change: The technologies and policies to make the difference

The ocean and coastal areas provide critical ecosystem services such as carbon storage, oxygen generation, food and income generation now endangered by the oceans warming and acidification generated by greenhouse gas emissions. However, oceans are as much damaged by climate change as they are – or should be – part of the solution in fighting climate change. For instance, oceans represent a potential huge source of non-polluting renewable energy helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. « Blue carbon » - the carbon dioxide captured by the world’s ocean and coastal ecosystems - may provide a solution for the long-term sequestration and storage of carbon.

·What oceans sustainability actions will provide the best contribution to the fight against climate change ?

·How to create the most efficient Public/Private Partnerships in protecting the oceans and thus making them an integral part of the fight against climate change?

·What ways to ensure that private sector initiatives towards the sustainability of oceans activities and climate change mitigation remain economically viable?


Ann Jeannette Glauber, Practice Manager, Environment, Natural Resources & Blue Economy Global Practice, East Asia and the Pacific of World Bank, Headquarter: United States of America

Christoffer Grønstad, Environment Councellor, Royal Norwegian Embassy in Beijing, Norway

Nomvuyo N. Nokwe, Secretary General, Indian Ocean RIM Association, Republic of Mauritius

Jason Scorse, Director of the Center for the Blue Economy, USA

John Tanzer, Oceans Practice Leader, WWF International, Headquarter: Switzerland

YU Fujiang, Director of National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, People’s Republic of China


Claude Smadja, Chairman, Smadja & Smadja Strategic Advisory, Headquarter: Switzerland

12:30 – 12:45

Concluding remarks: What we take home

The actual situation shall prevail. Guest Speakers are ranked in any order.

Karno Tenovuo, Co-Founder & Chief Executive Officer, Awake.AI, Finland 

Session: Digitalization and IoT: The way to smart ports and logistics

Laurent Albert, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Technical Officer, Seabased, Sweden

Session: Betting on the marine energy as the wave of the future: The technological innovations which will deliver

Philipp Sinn, Founder & CEO of SINN Power, Germany

Session: Betting on the marine energy as the wave of the future: The technological innovations which will deliver

Alf Kåre Ådnanes, General Manager of ABB Marine & Ports China, Switzerland

Session: Leveraging the technologies that are reshaping the marine engineering industry

He started in ABB in 1991, and among previous positions in ABB, he has worked within Corporate Research, and various positions within Marine, including delivery projects, engineering, and in product management and development, and technology management for the global marine business unit for Marine & Ports. Before taking the position in China, he was HBL Manager for Marine & Ports in Singapore.

Alf Kåre holds MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

ABB is a leading global technology company that energizes the transformation of society and industry to achieve a more productive, sustainable future. By connecting software to its electrification, robotics, automation and motion portfolio, ABB pushes the boundaries of technology to drive performance to new levels. With a history of excellence stretching back more than 130 years, ABB’s success is driven by about 110,000 talented employees in over 100 countries.

CHEN Bin, Vice President, Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery Co., Ltd, China

Session: Leveraging the technologies that are reshaping the marine engineering industry

CHEN Bin graduated from Shanghai Dianji University, majoring in Electromechanical Foreign Trade, Master of EMBA of Shanghai Maritime University and Senior Engineer. He is now Vice President and Safety Director of Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery Co., Ltd, and General Manager of Shanghai ZPMC Offshore Engineering Service Co., Ltd.

Shanghai Zhenhua Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (ZPMC) is a famous heavy-duty equipment manufacturer, and a state owned company listed on A and B shares on Shanghai Stock Exchange. The former company was Gongmao Shipyard founded in 1885 and it was renamed Shanghai Zhenhua Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. in 2009. ZPMC headquarters is located in Shanghai. ZPMC also has 10 production bases located in Shanghai, Nantong. ZPMC is one of the largest port machinery manufacturers in the world and owns a fleet of more than 20 transportation vessels which are from 60,000 DWT to 100,000 DWT can deliver large products in whole to all over the world.

Daoyi Chen, Director of Marine Technology Research Center in Tsinghua University, China

Professor Daoyi Chen is the Director of Marine Technology Research Center in Tsinghua University. He earned his PhD from Tsinghua University and then a post-doc in Cornell University. He joined University of Manchester as a lecturer and was appointed as the Chair Professor of Maritime Engineering in University of Liverpool. His team in Tsinghua has developed state-of-art ocean engineering research facility, integrating ocean testing field (with research vessel), wave tanks and supercomputing for assessing the reliabilities of ocean structures and platforms under extreme wind and wave conditions such as strong typhoon. His team also devote to find innovative solutions for the safety and economic issues associated to future ocean floor gas hydrate exploration.

Launched on 29 March 2019, Tsinghua SIGS is a collaboration between Tsinghua University and the Shenzhen Municipal Government that builds on the strengths and experiences of the Graduate School at Shenzhen (GSST) and the Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute (TBSI). It aims to bring together world-class faculty and students, tackle global challenges through cutting edge research and international collaboration, and nurture the next generation of global leaders by creating an International, Borderless, and Entrepreneurial learning environment.